12 Ordinary Men – Peter

Jesus said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” Simon Peter said, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”
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Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon (/ˈsmən/ (About this soundlisten)), Cephas, or Peter the Apostle, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and one of the first leaders of the early Church.

Jesus Calls His First Disciples

18 As Jesus was walking beside the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon called Peter and his brother Andrew. They were casting a net into the lake, for they were fishermen. 19 “Come, follow me,” Jesus said, “and I will send you out to fish for people.” 20 At once they left their nets and followed him.

21 Going on from there, he saw two other brothers, James son of Zebedee and his brother John. They were in a boat with their father Zebedee, preparing their nets. Jesus called them, 22 and immediately they left the boat and their father and followed him.

Matthew 4:18-22


  • Humble
  • Respond immediately
  • Not sentimental
  • Willing to give up their families
  • Sacrificial

Let us see how the rich young ruler responds that was rich.

The Rich and the Kingdom of God

16 Just then a man came up to Jesus and asked, “Teacher, what good thing must I do to get eternal life?”

17 “Why do you ask me about what is good?” Jesus replied. “There is only One who is good. If you want to enter life, keep the commandments.”

18 “Which ones?” he inquired.

Jesus replied, “‘You shall not murder, you shall not commit adultery, you shall not steal, you shall not give false testimony, 19 honor your father and mother,’[a] and ‘love your neighbor as yourself.’[b]

20 “All these I have kept,” the young man said. “What do I still lack?”

21 Jesus answered, “If you want to be perfect, go, sell your possessions and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me.”

22 When the young man heard this, he went away sad, because he had great wealth.

23 Then Jesus said to his disciples, “Truly I tell you, it is hard for someone who is rich to enter the kingdom of heaven.

Matthew 19:16-23

  • The rich man wanted to justify which commands he wanted to follow.
  • It is hard to make disciples from rich people because they are comfortable.
  • “I am nothing, I know nothing” – Raja.
  • He wanted to get what he wants, he wanted to bargain with Jesus. 
  • To be disciplined every day.
  • Always putting God and His kingdom first in every situation.
  • Wanting to follow my standard and not the standard of the Bible.
  • Making excuses and rationalize why I should not obey. 
  • Getting centimental on what I think not being hardlined what Jesus thinks.

Jesus Sends Out the Twelve

10 Jesus called his twelve disciples to him and gave them authority to drive out impure spirits and to heal every disease and sickness.

These are the names of the twelve apostles: first, Simon (who is called Peter) and his brother Andrew; James son of Zebedee, and his brother John; Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus; Simon the Zealot and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.

Matthew 10:1-4

  • Judas was the outsider.
  • Jesus knew their faults and sin and he chose them anyway.
  • I think vision start with me, having a clear vision for myself and how I want to please God, then I can lead with confidence.
  • Jesus did not accept the rich man’s excuses.
  • Breaking it down in the 3 D’s:
    • Daily Maintenance – Reading my Bible and Praying. Having a noble character and pray like David being intimate in your prayers towards God, a real relationship.
    • Daily Ministry – How are my guys doing spiritually, emotionally and physically?
    • Daily Mission – Who am I reaching out to? Who am I building a friendship with? Who am I studying the Bible with?
  • Jesus wanted SImon to go to Peter, from a listener to a rock. I think the listener is unsure what he thinks and feel but a rock is rock solid in what he thinks and feel about God. 
  • In the end the only goal that really matter if I become like Jesus and seek first His kingdom (Church) and His righteousness, not my own righteousness.

31 “Simon, Simon, Satan has asked to sift all of you as wheat. 32 But I have prayed for you, Simon, that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned back, strengthen your brothers.”

Luke 22:31-32

  • Peter addressed differently by Jesus in different situations:
    • Rebuked – Simon (Hebrew meaning “listen” or “hearing”)
    • Instructed – Simon Peter
    • Doing Great – Peter (Little pebble / rock)
  • Jesus renames him in the man he wants him to be.

40 Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, was one of the two who heard what John had said and who had followed Jesus. 41 The first thing Andrew did was to find his brother Simon and tell him, “We have found the Messiah” (that is, the Christ). 42 And he brought him to Jesus.

Jesus looked at him and said, “You are Simon son of John. You will be called Cephas” (which, when translated, is Peter).

John 1:40-42

  • Just because you have longevity it does not mean you should be the leader.
  • Peter was the most rebuked disciple = most moldable.

1. Was inquisitive - Ask questions!

10 Jesus called the crowd to him and said, “Listen and understand. 11 What goes into someone’s mouth does not defile them, but what comes out of their mouth, that is what defiles them.”

12 Then the disciples came to him and asked, “Do you know that the Pharisees were offended when they heard this?”

13 He replied, “Every plant that my heavenly Father has not planted will be pulled up by the roots. 14 Leave them; they are blind guides.[a] If the blind lead the blind, both will fall into a pit.”

15 Peter said, “Explain the parable to us.”

Matthew 15:10-15

  • Am I more concerned about other people’s thiking?
  • People wanted answers.
  • The disciples were more conerned what people was thinking.
  • Verse 14 – Blind guides – Someone who doesn’t want to leave their church

21 Then Peter came to Jesus and asked, “Lord, how many times shall I forgive my brother or sister who sins against me? Up to seven times?”

Matthew 18:21

27 Peter answered him, “We have left everything to follow you! What then will there be for us?”

Matthew 19:27

20 Peter turned and saw that the disciple whom Jesus loved was following them. (This was the one who had leaned back against Jesus at the supper and had said, “Lord, who is going to betray you?”) 21 When Peter saw him, he asked, “Lord, what about him?”

22 Jesus answered, “If I want him to remain alive until I return, what is that to you? You must follow me.”

John 21:20-22


  • Asking questions he gained knowledge.
  • Do I ask Questions?
  • Do I seek to understand?
  • Disciple = Called to be leaders
  • Disciple = Help people to get out of their suffering.
  • Be willing to look stupid and to be brave.

2. Had initiative - Ambition and Energy

Peter Declares That Jesus Is the Messiah

13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say the Son of Man is?”

14 They replied, “Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”

15 “But what about you?” he asked. “Who do you say I am?”

16 Simon Peter answered, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.”

17 Jesus replied, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by flesh and blood, but by my Father in heaven.

Matthew 16:13-17

  • Peter went out on a limb.
  • Do things without being asked.
  • The disciples was saying what other people thought.
  • Peter had the guts to say what he was really thinking
  • So be honest even when you are wrong.
  • Is having time with you like pulling teeth.
  • Don’t take people to track me down on my sin.

3. He was involved

25 Shortly before dawn Jesus went out to them, walking on the lake. 26 When the disciples saw him walking on the lake, they were terrified. “It’s a ghost,” they said, and cried out in fear.

27 But Jesus immediately said to them: “Take courage! It is I. Don’t be afraid.”

28 “Lord, if it’s you,” Peter replied, “tell me to come to you on the water.”

29 “Come,” he said.

Then Peter got down out of the boat, walked on the water and came toward Jesus. 30 But when he saw the wind, he was afraid and, beginning to sink, cried out, “Lord, save me!”

31 Immediately Jesus reached out his hand and caught him. “You of little faith,” he said, “why did you doubt?”

Matthew 14:25-31

  • Let’s have a look at Peter’s character in the gospels.
  • These grown men were scared of a ghost.
  • Imagine that, Peter was the only dude except Jesus to walk on water.
  • Don’t play it safe and stay in the boat.
  • Peter was following Jesus at a distance at the crucifixion.

The Temple Tax

24 After Jesus and his disciples arrived in Capernaum, the collectors of the two-drachma temple tax came to Peter and asked, “Doesn’t your teacher pay the temple tax?”

Matthew 17:24

  • Peter was head strong, because he did not pay his temple tax.

The Parable of the Unmerciful Servant

21 Then Peter came to Jesus and asked, “Lord, how many times shall I forgive my brother or sister who sins against me? Up to seven times?”

22 Jesus answered, “I tell you, not seven times, but seventy-seven times.

Matthew 18:21-22

  • Peter was impatient.

33 But he replied, “Lord, I am ready to go with you to prison and to death.”

Luke 22:33

  • Peter was prideful, he made promises that he did not keep.

21 To this you were called, because Christ suffered for you, leaving you an example, that you should follow in his steps.

22 “He committed no sin,
    and no deceit was found in his mouth.”[a]

23 When they hurled their insults at him, he did not retaliate; when he suffered, he made no threats. Instead, he entrusted himself to him who judges justly.

you also, like living stones, are being built into a spiritual house to be a holy priesthood, offering spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. For in Scripture it says:

“See, I lay a stone in Zion,
    a chosen and precious cornerstone,
and the one who trusts in him
    will never be put to shame.”

1 Peter 2:5-6

  • Peter was a spiritual man.

I was asking questions but that was seen as rebellious. 

  • How am I enquisitive?
    • I ask questions.
    • Do I base my convictions on the Bible?
  • How do I innitiate?
    • Share scriptures.
    • Got my own plans that I follow.
  • How do I get involved?
    • Am I wholehearted but wise.
    • How do I deal with hurt?
      • Get embittered?
      • Do I clam up?
      • Then you become faithless?

3. Practicals

  • Keep on giving my heart even if it means suffering for it.
  • I speak my heart don’t be cautious. 
  • Don’t immitate people’s bad examples, even if they are leaders.
  • Be involved and volunteer.

4. References

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